Calathea: Pest Control and Disease Treatment

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The warm, moist forests of South and Central America are home to the beautiful Calathea. The ancient Greeks weaved baskets of calathea leaves. But modern lovers of domesticated flora have appreciated the beauty of saturated green painted plants from the genus Moraine. This plant may lose its beauty or die completely if timely measures are not taken to treat diseases and destroy pests.

There are about 130 species of this large-leaved plant. And among them there are perhaps only a dozen of those who will feel truly comfortable at home.

A variety of types of home calathea

Each type of calathea is beautiful in its own way. Large leaves of the flower have a different structure and painting. But you have to wait for flowering only from two species of this plant, contained at home:

  • Saffron - the leaves of the flower are saturated green above, and below they take on a brown tint. If you provide saffron calathea 10 hours of light in the winter, then from January to February it will delight you with fiery red flowers.
  • Varshevich - as if carved from dark green velvet, the leaves are decorated with a light green blurred pattern along the center. Below they have a purple hue. Kalatea Varshevich blooms in large beautiful flowers, similar to a cream cake of white or pink color.

  • Bahema - quite persistent and unpretentious look. Its 40 cm oval silver-green leaves are decorated with a dark green full-length pattern.
  • Makaya - reaches 50 cm in height and pleases with magnificent forms. Each sheet is 20 cm long and 10 cm wide. The upper, almost transparent, layer of leaflets gives the macaque a calathe of outer refinement. Oval leaves are decorated with strips of saturated greens and thin light green veins. The crown of the flower is strewn with reddish spots.

  • Zebra-like - Calathea leaves of this species reach 40 cm in length and 15 cm in width. Dark and light green stripes alternate on each, and the bottom of the leaf has a red tint.
  • Veicha - large glossy dark green leaves as if finely outlined with pale yellow and light green lines. Veitch reaches 90 cm in height.
  • Colorized - the contour of slightly elongated oval leaves is decorated with a dark green edging, while the leaves themselves are pale green in color. In the middle of each leaf passes a bright green thin vein.

  • Decorated - This is the smallest species, reaching only 15 cm in height. Calathea leaves are elongated 20 cm at 6 cm wide. Each light green leaf is divided in half by a vein of saturated green color, from which silver and pink stripes stretch to the edges of the leaf.
  • Leopard - stretches upwards by 50 cm. Small leaves are strewn with green spots of light and dark tones, stretching to the longitudinal vein of the leaf.
  • Red beard - wide oval leaves are framed by a beautiful wave. Leaked and the lower part of the leaves is densely covered with a red fluff.

Like all amaranth flowers, calathea flowers stack their leaves at dusk and lift them up. At dawn, the flower spreads again, rejoicing in the coming of a new day.

Calathea: growing

Household Rules

Taking care of the beautiful calathea by all the rules, you can grow a large and healthy flower:

  • Temperature and light conditions - This subtropical flower loves warmth. The lower temperature limit is 16 degrees. Calathea painfully reacts to cold and drafts. But, at the same time, direct summer sunlight can burn the leaves of the plant. Therefore, it is better to arrange a calathea in a warm partial shade;
  • Watering - and excess and lack of moisture in the soil can cause a painful condition of the flower. With excessive watering, the small roots begin to rot, which leads to yellowing and falling of the leaves. Inadequate watering dries the plant, which is why it discards foliage. In order to avoid such problems, the kalate should be well poured with warm soft water, and immediately pour the water accumulated in the pan. Between watering, the soil in the pot should dry well in the upper layer;

  • Air humidity - for the harmonious development of a flower, 90% is considered ideal air humidity. At home, this can only be achieved with the use of florariums. Otherwise, the plant is often sprayed from a small spray bottle and wiped the leaves with a damp soft sponge. Species with a velvety fluff on leaves and stems cannot be moistened in this way. A pot with this calathea must be placed on a wide tray with a small amount of water sprinkled with wet pebbles. In this case, the bottom of the pot should not touch directly the water layer;
  • Top dressing - Fertilize the calathea once every 2 weeks, during the period from prel to August. Fertilizer is used universal for deciduous ornamental plants. Saffron and Varshevich are fed with universal fertilizer for flowering indoor plants. In no case should you exceed the dosage indicated on the package.

If the leaves of the calathea began to turn yellow or curl, or pests stuck to the flower, then mistakes were made in caring for the plant.

Pest control and disease management

Of course, it is better to remember that proper care of the plant will help to avoid difficulties in its development. But if the problem still appeared, it is necessary to resort to treatment methods and save the flower:

  • Leaves turn yellow and fall - First of all, you should understand why this happens. If this process affects only the lower leaves, then this is the course of the natural process of changing leaves. If the upper leaves suffer, then the reason lies in insufficient watering and too dry air. It is necessary to immediately adjust the watering regime and put the flower pot on wet pebbles;
  • The leaves are dry - if only the tips of the leaves suffer, then the flower does not have enough moisture in the air. If the problem manifests itself more extensively, the reason lies in the drought of the root system. Do not forget to water the plant and spray it;
  • Leaves twist - the plant begins to wilt while indoors with dry and cold air. The leaves of the flower wrinkle around the edges and curl. This urgently needs to be fixed by rearranging the calathea in a warm room and providing surface moisture. Henceforth, do not forget the draft flower;

  • Dry spots on top of leaves - These are traces of sunburn. Direct sunlight can burn calathea. The situation is aggravated if the flower is sprayed and left in the scorching sun when large drops are collected on the leaves, acting like a magnifying glass;
  • Spider web, sticky plaque and small yellow dots on the leaves - if, nevertheless, the plant is exposed to dry air for a long time and suffers from watering deficiency, then a big problem may concern it. Spider mites, thrips and scale insects can kill calathea. The leaves of the flower begin to rapidly turn yellow and dry when these small pests hit them. They must be dealt with quickly and effectively. Scabs and thrips are easy to drive away by washing the leaves of the flower with soap and water. The spider mite so simply does not go away. They get rid of it using special preparations purchased in specialized departments of floristry.

How to care for calathea

One has only to follow the simple rules for the care of calathea, and it will delight with its beauty. In the house where calathea grows, there is always coziness and harmony.

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